A successful commercial property career begins with a thorough understanding of commercial real estate, including the definition of commercial real estate, why it may be a suitable financial option to residential real estate, and the many sorts of commercial properties.
What exactly is commercial real estate?
Commercial real estate is simply a property with the potential for profit through capital gains or rental revenue. Commercial real estate may include everything from an office building to a duplex, as well as a restaurant or warehouse. It’s a business property if you can generate money by leasing it out or holding it and reselling it.
How does investing in commercial property different from investing in residential property?
While commercial real estate often demands a greater initial investment than residential real estate, the prospective rate of return is frequently higher as well. You may also take advantage of triple net leases, which put the leasing tenant in charge of charges such as real estate taxes, maintenance, and insurance.
Unlike residential real estate, most commercial real estate investments do not enable you to live on the premises. The advantage is that you’re frequently dealing with company owners (a B2B connection) rather than tenants directly (a B2C relationship). Furthermore, income-producing firms are more likely to adhere to lease agreements and pay rent on time.
Types of commercial real estate
There are two types of office buildings: urban and suburban. Urban office buildings may be found in cities and include skyscrapers and high-rise structures, some of which can be as large as a few million square feet. Suburban office buildings are often smaller in size and are sometimes grouped in office parks.
There are multi-tenant and single-tenant office buildings available, with many being built to suit. They are further categorized into three types: Class A, Class B, and Class C.
Class A Office
Most premium buildings compete for top office customers with rentals that are higher than the regional average. Buildings feature high-quality standard finishes, cutting-edge technology, excellent accessibility, and a strong market presence.
Class B Office
Buildings competing for a diverse variety of users, with rents in the area’s typical range. Building finishes are adequate to good for the neighbourhood. The building details are appropriate for the region, and the systems are adequate, but it cannot compete with Class A at the same price.
Class C Office
Buildings compete for tenants seeking useful space at rents below the regional average. Medical office buildings are a specialized sub-sector in this market.
Retail properties are those that host the stores and restaurants that we frequent. They can be multi-tenant (usually with an anchor tenant that draws visitors to the property) or single-use, standalone structures.
The retail sector is difficult since the kind of shopping centre is determined by a variety of factors such as size, concept, type and number of tenants, and trade region.
Big-box centres (often with a major chain such as Target, Walmart, Best Buy, or Dick’s Sporting Goods) and pad sites are examples of single-tenant structures (single-tenant buildings within a shopping center, restaurant, often a bank or drug store).
Industrial buildings contain a range of tenants’ industrial operations and are typically located outside of metropolitan areas, particularly along key transportation routes. Low-rise buildings can also be grouped together to form industrial parks. The properties are categorized as follows:
- Light assembly: These are less personalized and may be used for product assembly or storage.
- Bulk warehouse: These properties are often huge and serve as distribution hubs.
- Flex industrial: These properties include both industrial and office space.
- Heavy manufacturing: These structures are highly tailored and house the machinery that manufacturers require to operate and create goods and services
The multifamily sector encompasses all forms of residential real estate other than single-family houses, such as apartments, condominiums, co-ops, and townhomes. Multifamily properties, like office buildings, are frequently categorized as Class A, Class B, and Class C.
Apartment buildings, in particular, are divided into several property kinds. Freddie Mac has classified them into six categories:
- A high-rise structure has nine or more storeys and at least one elevator.
- A mid-rise is a multistory structure with an elevator that is commonly seen in metropolitan areas.
- Garden-style: A one-, two-, or three-story apartment building constructed in a garden-like setting in a suburban, rural, or urban environment; structures may or may not have elevators.
- A four- to six-story structure without an elevator is referred to as a walk-up.
- The operator of a mobile housing development leases ground plots to owners of prefabricated houses.
- Special-purpose housing: Any type of multifamily facility that caters to a certain demographic group, such as student housing, elders housing, and subsidized housing (either low income or special need)
The hotel industry includes enterprises that provide lodging, dining, and other services to visitors and tourists. The hotels might be independent (boutique) or branded (part of a big hotel chain, such as Marriott or Sheraton). Real Capital Analytics divides them into six categories:
Limited-service: There is no room service, no on-site restaurant, and no concierge.
Full-service: Room service is offered, and there is a restaurant on-site.
Boutique: It is located in a city or a resort, provides full-service amenities, is not part of a large chain, and has fewer rooms.
Casino: Has a gaming component, for example, video poker or slot machines.
Extended-stay: Limited-service accommodations with fully equipped kitchens in guest rooms and bigger rooms for extended stays.
Resort: Full-service resort on a big plot of land in a traditional resort setting (such as Hawaii or Orlando), with an adjacent golf course, water park, or amusement park.
6. Special Purpose
Commercial real estate investors may hold special purpose real estate, but it does not fit into any of the categories indicated above. Amusement parks, churches, self-storage facilities, and bowling alleys are examples of special-purpose facilities.
What is the greatest method to get started in the commercial real estate industry?
The simplest approach to get started in commercial real estate, whether you’re buying, selling, or investing, is to read commercial property blogs. Begin learning more about your local commercial real estate market through social media groups and market research or Contact Sahara equity if you have any questions.